BIOLOGY ROOTS


Biology

Roots (Quiz EVERY Friday (or Thursday, depending on circumstances!)


Root

Meaning

Examples

a-, ab-, abs-

from, away from, away, different from, separated from

abridged, absorb, abnormal, abrasion, abstract

a-, an-

not, without

atypical, ahistorical

ac-, ak-, acu-

sharp or pointed

acid, acupuncture

adip-

fat

adipose

aer-, aero-

air, atomosphere

aeronautics, aerosol,

agr-, agri-

field

agriculture, pilgrim

ambi-

both, on both sides

ambidextrous, ambivalent

amphi-

around, about, both, on both sides of, both kinds

amphibian

ana-

again, against

anaphylaxis, Anabaptist

anima-

breath

animal, animation

ann- anni-, enni

year, yearly

annual, anniversary, millennium

ant-, anti-

against, opposed to, preventive

antipodes, antibiotic, antibody,

anth-, antho-

flower

anther, anthology

anthropo-, anthro-

human

anthropology, anthropomorphic

aqu-

water

aquarium

archaeo-

ancient

archeology, archaic

arthr- , arthro-

joint

arthropod

avi-

bird

aviary, aviation

bac-

rod shaped

bacilla, bacteria

bi-

two

binocular, bigamy

bio-

life

biology, biologist, biosphere

blast-

germ, embryo, bud, cell with nucleus

blastocyst

bot-

plant

botany

brachi-,

arm

brachiopod

bucc-

cheek, mouth, cavity

buccal

calor-

heat

calorie

carci-

cancer (disease)

carcinoma

cardi(o)-

relating to the heart

cardiology, cardiograph

caud-

tail

caudal

cent-

hundred

cent, centennial, centurion

cephalo-

head

cephalopod, encephalogram

chiro-

of the hand or hands

chiroptera, chiropractic

chloro-

green

chlorine, chlorophyll

chord-

cord

chordata

circ-

circle

circus

clad-

branch

clade, cladogram

coel-

hollow

coelenterate

cogn-

know

cognitive

cotyl-

cup

cotyledon

crani-

skull

cranium

curr-, curs-

run

concurrent, recursion

cyan-

blue

cyanide

cycl-

circular

bicycle, cycle, cyclone

cyt-

cell

cytoplasm

dactyl-

finger

dactylology

deci-

tenth part

decibel, decimate

deca-, dec-,

ten

decagram, decahedron

dem-

people

demagogue, democracy

dendr-, dendro-

resembling a tree

dendrite

dent-

tooth

dental, dentures

derm-

skin

hypodermic

di-

two

dihybrid

dipl-

double

diploid, diplosis

dorm-

sleep

dormant, dormitory

dors-

back

dorsal

dys-

badly, ill

dysentery

eco-

house

ecology

ecto-, exo-

outside

ectothermic

endo-

inside

endothermic

equ-, -iqu-

even, level

equal

ergo-, -ergy, org-

work

ergonomics, organ

fil-

thread

filament

flor-

flower

floral, florid

flu-, flux-

flow

effluent, fluency

foli-

leaf

defoliate

gastr-

stomach

gastric

germ-

seed, sprout

germination

grav-

heavy

gravity

hapl-

simple

haploid

hemo-

blood

hemoglobin

herb-

plant

herbicide

heter(o)-

different, other

heterozygous, heterogeneous

hom(o)-, homeo-

same

homozygous, homogeneous

homo

human

hominid

hort-

garden

horticulture

hydr(o)-

water

hydrology

hyper-

above, over

hypertension

hypo-

Under, below

hypostension

ichth-

fish

ichthyology

infra-

Under, below

infrared

inter-

among, between

interphase

intra-

within

intracellular

is(o)-

equal, the same

isomorphic, isometric, isotope

lacer-

tear

laceration

lact-

of or pertaining to milk

lactose

later-

side

Bilateral, lateral

leuc(o)-, leuk(o)

white

leucocyte

lig-

bind

ligament, ligature

lip(o)-

fat

lipolysis

loc-

place

locus

logo-, -ology

study of

Zoology, ecology

macro-

Large, great

macromolecule

magn-

great, large

magnify

mar-

sea

marine, maritime

medi-, -midi-

middle

median

meter-, metr-

measure

metric, thermometer

meta-

above, among, beyond

metaphysics

micro-

small

microphone, microscope

mill-

thousand

millennium, million

mon(o)-

one

monolith, monotone, monism

morph-

form, shape

morpheme, anthropomorphic, morphology

mut-

change

mutation

nephr-

kidney

nephritis

neur-

nerve

neuron

noct-

night

nocturnal

noto-

back, south

notochord

null(i)-

none

Nullify,

nutri-

nourish

nutrient

oct-

eight

octagon, octahedron

ocul-, op(t)-

eye

ocular

optim-

best

optimum

orb-

circle

orbit

ornith-

bird

ornithology

osteo-

bone

osteoporosis

oscill-

swing

oscillation

ovi-

egg

oval, ovule

par(a)-

beside, near

parallel, parameter

pent-

five

pentagon

peri-

around

perimeter, periscope

phag-

eat, devour

bacteriophage, esophagus

phili-

love, friendship

hydrophilic

phob-

fear

hydrophobic

phon-

sound

microphone, phonograph

phos-, phot-

light

photograph

phyll-

leaf

chlorophyll

phyt-

plant

neophyte

plas-, plasm-, -

molded

plasma, plastic

por-, poro

passage

pore

post-

after, behind

posterior

pre-, pro-

before

prehistoric

proxim-

nearest

Proximity, proximal

pseud(o)-

false

pseudopod

pulmon-

lung

pulmonary

quadr-

four

quadrangle

quart-

fourth

quartary, quartile

radi-, radio

Wheel, spoke, ray

radial, radioactive, radius

rhiz-

root

rhizome

sacchar-

sugar

saccharin

saur-

lizard, reptile

dinosaur

scop-, scept-

look at, examine, view, observe

microscope

semi-

Half, partly

semipermeable

sol-

sun

solar

soma-

body

somatic

spati-

space

spatial

speci-,

type

species

spermato-, sperm

seed

gymnosperm

spir-

breathe

respiration

sporo-

seed

megaspore

sub-, su-, sus-

Below, under

substrate

syn-, sy-, sym-

with

symbol, system, synthesis

tax-, taxo-

arrangement, order

taxonomy

tel-

far, end

telephone, teleophase

tempor-

time

temporary

tend-, tens-

stretch

extend, extension, tendon

terr-

dry land

terrestrial

terti-

third

tertiary

tetr-

four

tetrahedron

therm-

Heat, warm

thermometer, hypothermia

top-, topo-

place

topic, topography

tri-

three

triad, trigon

troph-

feed

trophic

tropo-

Turn

tropic, phototropism

ultra-

beyond

ultraviolet

umbilic-

navel

umbilical

un-, uni-

one

unary, union

ungul-

claw, hoof

ungulate

vac-

empty

vacancy, vacation, vacuum

vaso-

Vessel

vascular

ven-

vein

venous

ventr-, ventri

Belly, stomach,

Ventral, ventricle

vis-, visu-

See

visual

-zoo-

animal, living being

protozoa, zoo, zoology

zyg-, zygo-

yoke, joined, paired

heterozygous, zygote