Earth Science Review Guide First (Fall) Semester
What follows is a list of the major ideas that we studied in first semester Earth Science.
The suggested way to use this list is to first read all of the objectives and look over the list of earth science terms. As you read them, highlight those that seem difficult. Spend little time with the objectives that you know, but return to the textbook to review the more difficult ones until you are comfortable with the information. You are welcome to come in to ask for help with the content before and after school. The final exam was created with this list of objectives in mind.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCE
1. Earth Science Branches and the Scientific Method
· Identify the branches of Earth Science, topics studied in each branch, and careers that relate to the branches.
· Recognize the components of the scientific method used in a science investigation.
· Be able to use the metric system and do conversions. (Page 741)
· Recognize safe and unsafe laboratory procedures when working alone or in groups. (Pages 732-733)
4. Latitude, Longitude and Time Zones
· Use latitude and longitude to determine specific locations.
· Recognize that time across the United States varies according to established time zones.
5. Topographic Maps
· Use symbols and lines on a topographic map to interpret the landscape it represents.
CHAPTER 2 MINERALS AND CHEMISTRY
· Differentiate between atoms, elements, compounds, and mixtures.
· Describe the properties of minerals and how they are used for mineral identification.
· Identify uses of ores and gemstones.
Minerals Video Review: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=323
CHAPTER 3 ROCKS
1. Rock Cycle
· Identify three families of rocks and give the meaning of each name.
· Explain how rocks go through a cycle of changes to become other rocks.
2. Igneous Rocks
· Discuss the formation of igneous rocks at the earth’s surface as well as below it.
· Describe properties and uses of igneous rocks.
3. Sedimentary Rocks
· Compare the three ways sedimentary rocks form and give examples.
· Describe the properties and uses of sedimentary rocks.
4. Metamorphic Rocks
· Describe the conditions and processes involved where existing rocks change into metamorphic rocks.
· Describe the properties and uses of metamorphic rocks.
Rocks Video Review:
Intrusive Igneous Rocks: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=325
Sedimentary Rocks: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=328
Metamorphic Rocks: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=329
CHAPTER 5 WEATHERING, SOIL, AND MASS MOVEMENTS
· Understand Mechanical Weathering and how it is different from…
· Understand Chemical Weathering and how it is different from…
· Review the major components of soil.
· Describe how soil forms
3. Mass Movements
· The transfer of rock and material downhill is called mass movement
· Review Frost Wedging and how it causes weathering
Video Review Guides:
Weathering and Soils: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=326
Mass Wasting: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=327
CHAPTER 8 EARTHQUAKES AND EARTH’S INTERIOR
· Discuss the cause and impact of earthquakes.
· Discuss how scientists have learned about earthquakes and the earth’s interior by studying seismic waves.
· Interpret a visual model of the earth’s interior and summarize how data is used to support the model.
Earthquake Video Review: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=320
Earth's Interior Video Review: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=314
CHAPTER 9 PLATE TECTONICS
· Describe the evidence that supports the theory of continental drift.
· Discuss how convection currents relate to plate movements.
· Relate plate movement to plate boundary types.
· Relate plate boundary types to surface and subsurface features.
· Discuss how plate boundaries relate to the location of earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountains.
· Summarize the ocean-floor spreading processes that occur on and below the earth’s surface.
· Identify the features created by ocean-floor spreading.
Plate Tectonics Video Review: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=316
Plate Dynamics Video Review: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=317
CHAPTER 10 VOLCANOES AND OTHER IGNEOUS ACTIVITY
· Describe the characteristics of different types of lava and volcanic particles.
· Explain the processes that shape volcanoes and how they cause the potential for volcanic hazards.
· Identify the locations of major zones of earthquake and volcanic activity.
Volcanoes Video Review: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=324
CHAPTER 11 MOUNTAIN BUILDING
· Explain the processes that form various folds and faults.
· Recognize several features and landforms that are the result of stress of the earth’s crust.
· Relate the formation of mountains and other features to folding, faulting and/or plate boundary processes..
Mountain Building Video Review: http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=318