Earth Science Review Guide Second (Spring) Semester
What follows is a list of the major ideas that we studied in second semester Earth Science.
The suggested way to use this list is to first read all of the objectives and look over the list of earth science terms. As you read them, highlight those that seem difficult. Spend little time with the objectives that you know, but return to the textbook to review the more difficult ones until you are comfortable with the information. You are welcome to come in to ask for help with the content before and after school. The final exam was created with this list of objectives in mind.
CHAPTER 6 RUNNING WATER AND GROUNDWATER
CHAPTER 12 GEOLOGIC TIME
CHAPTER 13 EARTH’S HISTORY
· What is an era?
· How is each of the eras of the geologic time scale different?
· Landmasses: Pangaea, Laurasia, Gondwana
CHAPTER 17 THE ATMOSPHERE
CHAPTER 18 MOISTURE, CLOUDS, PRECIPITATION
· Know the different phases of water and what causes changes between the phases.
· What is the difference between radiation, conduction, and convection?
· What are the different cloud types?
· What do the different cloud types tell us about the current weather? Or the future weather (forecast)?
CHAPTER 19 AIR PRESSURE AND WIND
1. Understanding Air Pressure
· How do air masses move across the United States? (p534)
· What type of weather is associated with High Pressure? Low Pressure?
· What causes wind?
· What causes different areas of air pressure near the surface of the earth?
CHAPTER 20 WEATHER PATTERNS AND WIND
1. Air Masses
· How do air masses influence weather?
· What affect does the sun have on air masses and wind?
CHAPTER 21 CLIMATE
1. Factors that affect climate
· What are the factors that affect climate locally and globally?
CHAPTER 22 ORIGIN OF MODERN ASTRONOMY
1. Sun, Earth and Moon System
· What causes the seasons?
· What are the two types of eclipses? What are the causes of each?
· What causes tides?
CHAPTER 25 BEYOND OUR SOLAR SYSTEM
1. Big Bang
· What is the Big Bang?
· What is the evidence for the Big Bang?
· What is Electromagnetic Radiation (EM)?
· Understand how the elements are formed in stars.